The Lutheran church calendar falls into three main seasons: Advent and Christmas, Lent and Easter, and Pentecost. The Advent and Christmas season is a time of preparation for the coming of Christ, and it is also a time of joy. Lent is a time to meditate on the suffering and resurrection of Jesus. Pentecost starts the second half of the church year, continuing until Advent. This is a time where we remember the disciples receiving the Holy Spirit.
Commemorations, feasts and festivals are all slightly different and have a unique place in the liturgical church calendar. We celebrate these days in thanksgiving for the people and events that shaped the early Christian church and the Lutheran church today.
Commemorations are days set aside to remember important men and women that have gone before us in faith: saints, martyrs, missionaries and more. We commemorate what they have done to the Glory of God during their life. A Feast is often a one-day observance of a historical person or a biblical character, sometimes intertwined with Jesus’ earthly ministry. Festivals are usually multiple days and can honor events, such as Reformation Day, or people. All of these days are moments of devotion and reminders of what God has done for us and given us.
One-Year: This historic lectionary repeats key biblical texts every year, including selections from each of the four Gospels. It is easier for memorization of key Bible verses, as they are repeated annually, but is less widely used in the modern church.
Three-Year: This is the most common lectionary, and the one that we follow on this site. Year A focuses on the Gospel of Matthew; Year B reviews the Gospel of Mark and selections from the Gospel of John. Year C focuses on the Gospel of Luke.